Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape is a landscape complex with an area of 300 km2 in the Břeclav District near the border with Austria. It is a unique system of gardens, parks, ponds, and buildings, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since December 1996. The area is considered to be the largest ‘composed’ landscape in Europe and possibly the world. In the northwest it borders the Pálava Protected Landscape Area. The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape and the battlefield site of the Battle of Austerlitz were declared in 1992 by the Ministry of Culture as the first two protected heritage landscapes in the Czech Republic.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, this area straddling the border between Moravia and Lower Austria was formed into the shape of a natural park by the princely family of Liechtenstein. It includes a number of cultural and natural monuments, including the highest category of national monuments.
Besides the towns of Valtice, Lednice (connected by Bezruč Alley from 1715), and the village of Hlohovec, the artificially planted Boří les (forest) and Lednické rybníky (ponds) are considered to be important elements that constitute this unique landscape.
The area also includes alluvial forest along the Dyje River in the vicinity of Břeclav.
Scattered smaller buildings, so-called ‘salets’:
- Temple of Apollo
- Diana’s Temple
- Border Manor
- Jan’s Castle
- Chapel of St. Hubert
- Colonnade on Reisten
- Hunting Lodge
- Moorish Water Works, Aqueduct and
- Minaret in Lednice Castle park
- New Farmyard
- Fishpond Manor
- Three Graces
- Lány Manor
- Pohansko Manor
- early medieval Slavic fort Pohansko
- fort near Nejdek
Aloch fortified dwelling